The theory of a simulated universe suggests that our universe is an intricately designed computer simulation. The physical laws affecting our reality are algorithms, and what we experience is created by the computational processes in this theory, reports PHYSORG.
Due to its significant implications, scientists and philosophers around the world have turned their attention to this theory, despite being fundamentally speculative. This concept has made significant mark into popular culture via movies, TV shows, and books, example being ‘The Matrix,’ a movie launched launched more than two decades earlier, as per a PHYSORG report.
The modern iteration of the concept that reality is an illusion suggests that both the material world and consciousness are integral components of a simulated reality, extending the principles of idealism, with inspiration drawn from recent advancements in computing and digital technology.
Within the scientific community, the notion of a simulated universe has sparked both fascination and skepticism. Some scientists propose that if our reality is a simulation, there might be identifiable glitches or patterns within the fabric of the universe that could reveal its simulated nature.
However, the quest for such anomalies remains a formidable challenge. Our comprehension of the laws of physics continues to evolve, and we currently lack a definitive framework for distinguishing between a simulated and non-simulated reality.
If our physical reality is indeed a simulated construct rather than an objective, independent world, the question arises: how can we scientifically substantiate this hypothesis? In a study conducted in 2022, a researcher introduced a potential experiment, although it has yet to be tested.
There is reason for optimism, as information theory, which pertains to the mathematical study of quantifying, storing, and transmitting information, has become increasingly influential in physics and various research areas. This researcher, in a recent publication in AIP Advances, introduced a new law of physics termed the “second law of infodynamics,” which appears to lend support to the simulated universe theory.
At the core of the second law of infodynamics is the concept of entropy, which measures disorder and tends to increase over time in isolated systems.
The second law of infodynamics asserts that “information entropy” (the average information conveyed by an event) must remain constant or decrease over time, ultimately reaching a minimum value at equilibrium.
This research suggests that the second law of infodynamics serves as a cosmological imperative with broad scientific implications.
Perhaps most notably, the new law offers an explanation for a long-standing mystery in nature: why symmetry, as opposed to asymmetry, predominantly characterizes the universe. Mathematical analysis demonstrates that high symmetry states are favored because they correspond to the lowest information entropy, as dictated by the second law of infodynamics.
The primary consequence of the second law of infodynamics is the minimization of information content associated with any event or process in the universe. This, in turn, signifies an optimization of information content or the most efficient data compression.
While further research is needed to establish the second law of infodynamics as definitively as the second law of thermodynamics, the same holds true for the simulated universe hypothesis.

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